A gerund is a verbal ending in ing that is used as a noun. Gerund and infinitive pdf worksheets b1 gi001 english practice. In this lesson we will elaborate gerunds in english. Although they are fundamentals of the language, there are still other important and determining aspects that one needs to. Grammar worksheet gerunds used as subjects complete the sentences below by using the ing gerund form of the verbs on the right. Learning to use gerunds and infinitives can feel a bit overwhelming at first. During this english grammar lesson you will learn what gerunds are and how to use them. Many aspirants find difficulty in english grammar section while preparing for competitive exams like ssc cgl, ssc chsl, rrb, ibps, sbi and other competitive exams. Prepositions pdf worksheets english vocabulary and grammar.
Present perfect we are happy about having been invited. Students english file students site intermediate third edition grammar file 8 lesson b gerunds and infinitives 1 grammar. The book is titled the grammar of the english verb phrase. Mar 23, 2020 although a small number of traditional grammarians use the term gerundive as a synonym for gerund, the gerundive is a distinct verb form in latin grammar.
The problem here is that present participles also end with the letters ing. Common verbs followed by the gerund perfect english. Go to the main gerunds and infinitives explanation page here. The good news is that our threepart tutorial gives you twenty gerund and infinitive tips to take you from beginner to pro. Usage deals with the distinction between commonly confused words and common grammar mistakes. Gi003 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. Rewrite the following sentences using a gerund instead of an infinitive. He denied having been offered money to kill the senator. The gerund as the complement of the verb to be one of his duties is attending meetings.
A gerund often known as an ing word is a noun formed from a verb by adding ing. Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. English grammar rules infinitive and gerund bare infinitive without to we. Includes helpful articles, a glossary, quizzes, and a large language reference. Defining a rule for the use of infinitive and gerund. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. The construction workers worried about losing their jobs. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken english, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Vowa verlag pmp4 108 infinitive with or without to insert to.
Gerund simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Besides being able to spot gerunds, you should be able to tell the difference between a gerund and a present participle. Gerunds should be used with possessive pronouns my, your, her, and not object pronouns me, him etc. The hardest thing about learning english is understanding the gerund.
Here the gerund reading acts as the object of the verb. English story books for beginners reading english stories can show you magical new worlds and help you to take your english a new level. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable pdf that you can take anywhere. Explanations and interactive exercises on grammar tenses and verb forms gerund beginner a2. Gerund and infinitive exercises perfect english grammar. The gerund looks identical to the present participle, which is used after the auxiliary verb to be, but are not the same as they do not function as. The redcard holders write down verbs followed by gerunds. Gerunds and infinitives are very common in the english language. Microsoft word list of verbs followed by gerund or infinitive. Students english file students site advanced third edition grammar file 8 8a gerunds and infinitives. Such a form of the verb ending in ing and used as a noun is called a gerund forms of. Words with a different meaning word infinitive meaning gerund meaning forget remember.
Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Divide students into three groups, ideally of three or four students. Exercise 3 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. A gerund is a verbal that ends in ing and functions as a noun. Infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective example. There is no grammatical equivalent to the latin gerundive in english, and the term is rarely used, oxford dictionary of english grammar. Actually, the difference between a clause and a phrase is that the former consists of a subject and a verb whereas the latter does not.
It is identical in form to the present participle ending in ing and can behave as a verb within a clause so that it may be modified by an adverb or have an object, but the clause as a whole sometimes consisting of only one word, the gerund itself acts as a noun within the larger sentence. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. However, since a gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example. The problem is that all present participles also end in ing. Gerunds and infinitives complex forms test english. Each one starts with a gerund and includes modifiers. Although a small number of traditional grammarians use the term gerundive as a synonym for gerund, the gerundive is a distinct verb form in latin grammar. Thus, the expression a winning hand is not a gerund. Another prestigious book, a practical english grammar by thompson and. Present passive having slept for ten hours, i felt great. Before proceeding further, it is only fair that you understand what a phrase and a clause really are in english grammar pdf format of this lesson available at the. Grammar worksheet all things grammar grammar focus gerunds used as subjects level intermediate answer key my notes 1. The passive voice all tenses he is too young to be allowed to be here.
This is gerunds worksheet section where you will find all the teaching resources, printables and exercises related to gerund a type of verb which acts as a noun and ends with a suffix ing. Phrases in english grammar with examples pdf parts of. For this reason we start at the beginning and take as little as possible for granted. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. English grammar english gerund tests englishteststore. Gerund infinitive gi 5 fill in the gerund with the correct preposition. English grammar from downloadable grammar sheets and online exercises. Review charts and rules for gerunds and infinitives as needed.
If you want to improve your english grammar, you need to work on phrases and clauses since these are the most important elements of grammar. Contrary to what others believe in, the english language goes beyond the basic subjectverb agreement. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. They cant make clauses and their form dont change when the number and person of the subject changes. Downloadable grammar sheets and online exercises gerund and infinitive worksheets gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Gerund and infinitive pdf worksheets english grammar. It is simply a present participle winning used as an adjective. She is looking forward to visiting his aunt in chicago. Many of the books in the grammar section of a bookstore actually deal more with usage than grammar, as we will discuss it. After some verbs either an ing form or an infinitive can be used. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable pdf that you can.
Lets go back to the definition of a gerund for a moment. Feelsee hear watch someone do doing i heard him tell you about the letter. The ing form is used in past, present and future continuous tenses, for example anthony was fishing the boys have been playing tennis. A gerund is a verb used as a noun in english, the gerund is formed by adding ing to a verb root. Like the infinitive and the participle, the gerund has two forms e. Common errors in the use of gerunds english practice. A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. This is my blog where i give english grammar lessons. Theyre very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. Aug 07, 2014 here the gerund reading acts as the object of the verb. We make the ing form by adding ing to the base verb and adjusting the spelling as necessary work working. The gerund must be used when a verb comes after a preposition.
Exercise 4 in pdf here choose a gerund or infinitive when it changes the meaning. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday english. English grammar gerunds and infinitives learn english. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet. Gerunds english grammar lesson what will i learn from the english grammar lesson gerunds. Exercise 1 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs exercise 2 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs exercise 3 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs exercise 4 in pdf here choose a gerund or infinitive when it changes the meaning. Includes detailed terms, interactive exercises, handouts, and more. When to use gerund or infinitive in the table below, you can see when to. It can act as a subject, a subject complement, a direct object, an indirect. Here in part 1, we introduce gerunds and infinitives and explain the basics of everyday usage. Really understand the english tenses with my tenses pdfs. A gerund is a present participle ing verb used as a noun. A gerund phrase is a phrase consisting of a gerund and any modifiers or objects associated with it.
A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier s, object s, andor complement s. The italicized texts in the above examples are the gerund phrases. It is true that the english language is a hard subject to study and understand. Circle the letter of the choice closest in meaning to the italicized word or phrase from the. Here the gerund acting acts as the object of the preposition in. According to the macmillan dictionary, a phrase is simply a group of words that are used together in a fixed expression. If you want to learn english grammar or grow your vocabulary then these resources will help you with your studies. But they are not the ing verb forms that you see in the present or past continuous tense. Gerunds are words that are formed from verbs but act as nouns. The gerund always has the same function as a noun although it looks like a verb. An infinitive is the verb form that has to at the beginning.
Download english vocabulary, prepositions, grammar, ielts ebooks in epub and pdf format. The most famous infinitive quote has to be, to be or not to be. Gerunds are used after prepositions, but not usually after to. Common verbs followed by the gerund perfect english grammar. A gerund is a noun made from a verb root plus ing a present participle. When to use gerund or infinitive in the table below, you can see when to use gerund or infinitive. Punctuation, determiners, gerund, present participle ing. How to use gerunds and infinitives lots of explanations and free exercises. All downloads are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. G erunds looks like a verb, acts like a noun always ends in ing. At the same time it is the subject of the verb is, and hence does function as a noun. Word infinitive with an object gerund without an object advise i advise you to go by bus.126 274 1077 1433 1016 53 897 1096 1472 798 1168 414 772 863 1388 605 610 1237 881 1653 1408 1033 945 1165 189 1604 102 246 1677 363 89 4 1104 1270 1017 410 1143 850